5 Stages Of Human Growth And Development Pdf
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- What Is Human Development and Why Is It Important?
- Growth Stages 1: Infancy and Early Childhood
- Child development stages
What Is Human Development and Why Is It Important?
Learn about The Nobel Prizes that have been awarded since , as well as the criteria and nomination process that are used to select the winners. NASA Kids is an excellent site for "kids" of all ages and provides an abundance of information, images, and interesting things to do on astronomy and the space sciences. In this lesson, students learn about sources of high-energy radiation and calculate student exposure to ionizing radiation over the past year. To introduce students to the stages of human growth and development that take place during infancy and early childhood.
This lesson is the first of a two-part series aimed at introducing students to the different stages of physical growth and development in human beings from birth to 18 years of age. In these lessons, students become familiar with the four key periods of growth and human development: infancy birth to 2 years old , early childhood 3 to 8 years old , middle childhood 9 to 11 years old , and adolescence 12 to 18 years old.
For each stage of development, they learn about key physical stages or milestones, which are research and science-supported indicators that help to track the progress of a child's physical development at different stages of life. Conversely, they also learn that it is very natural and normal for children to reach these markers at different times.
Growth Stages 1: Infancy and Early Childhood helps students become better aware of all of the natural physical stages of growth children experience in the first five years of life. In Growth Stages 2: Middle Childhood and Early Adolescence, students focus on the kinds of physical changes that children in their age range begin to undergo during puberty. Research shows that films and stories about early stages of human development fascinate children and they are particularly intrigued by comparisons of themselves now and earlier.
It may be helpful at this level to inform students about changes that will take place in them during adolescence, since when they reach puberty, they may be too embarrassed to talk to adults about it. The importance for growth of adequate rest, proper food, regular checkups, and shots to prevent disease should be supported by some science behind the advice.
Benchmarks for Science Literacy , p. For more background information and research, see the Growth 1: Human Development teacher sheet. Ideas in this lesson are also related to concepts found in the following benchmark:. As a way to get students to begin thinking about growth and development, start the lesson by asking a few thought-provoking questions like these:.
Then, to answer these and other related questions, students should use the How My Body Grows student esheet to view the slide show. When they are finished viewing the slide show, or during it, hold a general discussion and then, when finished, reinforce that children and teenagers grow at different rates and to different extents based on how much their parents grew genetics and good food, good health, exercise, and regular checkups.
The student sheet covers key physical milestones from birth to five years. After passing out the materials, take time to read over the physical milestones. It may be important to emphasize again that not all people grow at the same rate nor do they reach these milestones at the same time i.
After reading the student sheet, review questions may include:. Then emphasize that the physical abilities of a one-year-old are much different than the abilities of a five-year-old. Ask students to describe some of the differences using a comparison chart like the one below you can either draw this chart on the blackboard or on newsprint.
It will be important to remind students that five-year-olds can also do everything that four-year-olds can do. As a way to further their understanding of the material, divide the students into pairs where they can either create a visual comparison chart, a human development web, or some other visual approach for the various physical growth stages.
The purpose of this activity is to help students make connections between the milestones and how they gradually build on each other.
They should be able to visually show the milestones that build on each other. When finished, they can present their work before the class for discussion, review, and reflection. Follow this lesson with the second lesson in the human development series: Growth Stages 2: Middle Childhood and Early Adolescence.
Inside the Human Body: The Respiratory System is an excellent resource for both elementary- and high-school students. Early elementary students can enjoy a storybook, a coloring book, games, worksheets, and articles that provide basic material on air pollution, smoking, lung health, and the respiratory system. See the Tool. See the Collection. See the Lesson. Photo Credit: clipart. Did you find this resource helpful?
Other Lessons in This Series 1. Growth Stages 1: Infancy and Early Childhood 2. Have you tried this lesson? Share your tips. All rights reserved.
Growth Stages 1: Infancy and Early Childhood
Imagine two children born in the same town and the same year to families with similar socioeconomic statuses. One child grows up to be assertive and confident, while the other grows up to be timid and shy. The study of the stages of human development can help explain the reasons for these differences and much more. What is human development, exactly? Human development is a branch of psychology with the goal of understanding people — how they develop, grow, and change throughout their lives. This discipline, which can help individuals better understand themselves and their relationships, is broad. As such, it can be used in various professional settings and career paths.
Child development stages are the theoretical milestones of child development , some of which are asserted in nativist theories. This article discusses the most widely accepted developmental stages in children. There exists a wide variation in terms of what is considered "normal," caused by variation in genetic, cognitive, physical, family, cultural, nutritional, educational, and environmental factors. Many children reach some or most of these milestones at different times from the norm. Holistic development sees the child in the round, as a whole person - physically, emotionally, intellectually, socially, morally, culturally and spiritually. Learning about child development involves studying patterns of growth and development, from which guidelines for 'normal' development are construed. Developmental norms are sometimes called milestones - they define the recognised pattern of development that children are expected to follow.
The pattern of human postnatal growth and development-the stages of Adolescence The stage of development that lasts for 5–10 years after.
Child development stages
As discussed at the beginning of this chapter, developmental psychologists often divide our development into three areas: physical development, cognitive development, and psychosocial development. We will discuss prenatal, infant, child, adolescent, and adult development. How did you come to be who you are? From beginning as a one-cell structure to your birth, your prenatal development occurred in an orderly and delicate sequence.
This chapter describes how the human organism grows and develops from fertilization through death. The following stages of life are described in detail: germinal stage, embryonic stage, fetal stage, infancy, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Since Vanessa is three months pregnant, they are worried about whether Vanessa was also exposed to lead. If so, what effects could it have on the developing baby? The main events in this stage of development are illustrated in the figure below and described in detail in the rest of this concept.
Freud proposed that personality development in childhood takes place during five psychosexual stages, which are the oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital stages. During each stage sexual energy libido is expressed in different ways and through different parts of the body. These are called psychosexual stages because each stage represents the fixation of libido roughly translated as sexual drives or instincts on a different area of the body.