Motherboard Types And Features Pdf
File Name: motherboard types and features .zip
- Motherboard (PDF format)
- COMPUTER MOTHERBOARD PRESENTATION
- Computer form factor
- Types of Motherboard
The motherboard is the main component of any branded or assembled PC, laptop, tablet or a mobile phone. Now you must be curious, why it is called the motherboard?
The motherboard is also known as logic board, baseboard, system board, mainboard, main circuit board, planar board, and mobo in a short way. Thin narrow layers of Aluminum or Copper printed on the plastic sheet of the board acts like a circuit that connects various components. It is a chassis in which all the components are fitted in the designated place and they are all powered and well interfaced with each other. The motherboard is comprehensive in all aspects and it contains provisions to connect any kind of components to meet application requirements.
Motherboard (PDF format)
The motherboard is also known as logic board, baseboard, system board, mainboard, main circuit board, planar board, and mobo in a short way.
Thin narrow layers of Aluminum or Copper printed on the plastic sheet of the board acts like a circuit that connects various components. It is a chassis in which all the components are fitted in the designated place and they are all powered and well interfaced with each other.
The motherboard is comprehensive in all aspects and it contains provisions to connect any kind of components to meet application requirements. The motherboard is self-sufficient to meet all requirements and it is a single board to manage all the functions, unlike backplane which has provision to connect to multiple extension boards to hold more components.
The name mother in the motherboard is attributed to its character as it takes a leadership role to manage all the components connected to it. Mouse, keypads are connected to USB ports on the motherboard. Apple computers motherboard has minimum provisions to connect to peripheral devices. Many boards have a provision of expansion to connect to additional devices.
Heat sinks and fan points are available in the modern motherboard to transfer excess heat. Motherboards are present in Desktop, Laptop, Tablet, and Smartphone and the components and functionalities are the same. But the size of the components and the way they are accommodated on the board varies due to space availability.
Each manufacturer has come out with its form factor to suit the design of computers. Motherboard manufactured to suit IBM and its compatible computers fit into other case sizes as well. These motherboards have bigger physical dimensions of hundreds of millimeters and hence they are not the right fit for the mini desktop category of computers.
Bigger physical size also inhibits installing new drivers. Sockets and six-pin plugs are used as power connectors in these motherboards. These power connectors are not that easily identifiable and hence users face difficulties in connecting and using it.
ATX denotes Advanced technology extended, it was developed by Intel during the s and it was an improved version over an earlier version of AT motherboard. It is smaller in size when compared to AT and it provides interchangeability of the connected components. There is a marked improvement in the connector aspects. This board had two improvements over earlier versions.
The first one is Input and Output ports were taken to backside and the second one was the introduction of Riser card to facilitate more slots and easier connection. Some of these features were deployed in the AT motherboard. Issues in these motherboards were addressed in NLX boards.
BTX denotes Balanced Technology Extended, intended to manage demands of new technologies in terms of more power requirements hence generation of more heat. These boards are smaller in size and hence the word Pico. Two expansion slots are supported in spite of being sharing the top half of BTX. Half-height or riser cards are its unique features and it supports the demands of digital applications. Designed in the early s and its dimension is 17 x 17 cm.
Mainly used in small form factor SFF computer due to its lower power consumption and faster cooling ability. This motherboard is the most preferred in the home theater domain due to its lower level of fan noise that will improve the quality of the theatre system.
Form factor plays an important role as the computer takes many shapes due to digital application needs where computers need to be inbuilt in the machines, moving vehicles, and in any equipment on the earth.
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COMPUTER MOTHERBOARD PRESENTATION
After reading this training document about Motherboard computer, you will become very familiar with how a computer works, and understand how the motherboard is the main factor in determining the computers performance and abilities. The motherboard is an electronic board enabling all printed circuits of a computer to be interconnected. It is the largest card in the computer that will centralize all the data and have it processed by the processor. The motherboard is the main component of the CPU. The role of the motherboard is to centralize and process the data exchanged in a computer using the processor, which is fixed on it. The motherboard thus manages the hard disk, a disk, keyboard and mouse, network, USB ports Take advantage of this course called Motherboard Study Guide to improve your Computer architecture skills and better understand Motherboard.
Another important feature of a motherboard is the processor socket. This socket and how to use them. This guide can be a PDF file stored on the CD or DVD.
Computer form factor
Several characteristics differentiate motherboards, including physical characteristics, which in combination are called the form factor; the chipset used, which defines the capabilities of the motherboard; the processors the motherboard supports; the BIOS it uses; and the internal and expansion busses that it supports. The following sections examine each of these factors. Motherboards differ in size, shape, position of mounting holes, power supply connector type, and port types and locations. Together, these differences define the form factor of the motherboard.
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In computing , the form factor is the specification of a motherboard — the dimensions, power supply type, location of mounting holes, number of ports on the back panel, etc. Specifically, in the IBM PC compatible industry, standard form factors ensure that parts are interchangeable across competing vendors and generations of technology, while in enterprise computing, form factors ensure that server modules fit into existing rackmount systems. Traditionally, the most significant specification is for that of the motherboard, which generally dictates the overall size of the case.
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Types of Motherboard
In a nutshell, the motherboard form factor indicates the shape and size specifications of the board. The form factor also determines additional parameters such as the casing, power supply, mounting holes, and overall physical layout. The first form factor dates back to At that time, IBM built the personal computer XT and since the form factor specs were open, many manufacturers used it as a de facto standard.
These were the oldest expansion slots in the history of motherboards. Motherboard components and types of motherboard functions in laptop. It is called motherboard because all features and peripherals plug to operate the whole system are into it. Cases can come in many different sizes known as form factors. However, one must be careful because these components are delicate parts that can cease to function if mishandled.
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