Shut Up And Kiss Me Body Pump 84 Choreography Notes Pdf
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Or it may be a wild goose chase. But we may as well go down fighting. And what happy tidings have you got.
Disco is a genre of dance music and a subculture that emerged in the s from the United States ' urban nightlife scene. Its sound is typified by four-on-the-floor beats, syncopated basslines, string sections , horns, electric piano , synthesizers , and electric rhythm guitars. Disco started as a mixture of music from venues popular with African Americans , Hispanic and Latino Americans , Italian Americans ,   and gay men  in Philadelphia and New York City during the late s and early s. Disco can be seen as a reaction by the s counterculture to both the dominance of rock music and the stigmatization of dance music at the time. Several dance styles were developed during the period of disco's popularity in the United States, including "the Bump " and "the Hustle ".
Disco is a genre of dance music and a subculture that emerged in the s from the United States ' urban nightlife scene. Its sound is typified by four-on-the-floor beats, syncopated basslines, string sections , horns, electric piano , synthesizers , and electric rhythm guitars. Disco started as a mixture of music from venues popular with African Americans , Hispanic and Latino Americans , Italian Americans ,   and gay men  in Philadelphia and New York City during the late s and early s.
Disco can be seen as a reaction by the s counterculture to both the dominance of rock music and the stigmatization of dance music at the time. Several dance styles were developed during the period of disco's popularity in the United States, including "the Bump " and "the Hustle ".
By the late s, most major U. Nightclub-goers often wore expensive, extravagant, and sexy fashions. There was also a thriving drug subculture in the disco scene, particularly for drugs that would enhance the experience of dancing to the loud music and the flashing lights, such as cocaine and Quaaludes , the latter being so common in disco subculture that they were nicknamed "disco biscuits".
Disco clubs were also associated with promiscuity as a reflection of the sexual revolution of this era in popular history. Disco declined as a major trend in popular music in the United States following the infamous Disco Demolition Night , and it continued to decline in popularity in the US during the early s; however, it remained popular in Italy and certain European countries throughout the s, and it was a key influence in the development of electronic dance music , house music , hip-hop , new wave , dance-punk , and post-disco.
The style has had had several newer scenes since the s, and the influence of disco remains strong across American and European pop music. A current revival , which has experienced great popularity during the COVID pandemic for its fun and escapist nature aiding the pandemic's mental toll , has been underway since the late s, coming to great popularity with the new decade.
Some clubs used it as their proper name. In , it was also used to describe a Parisian nightclub in an English magazine. In the summer of , a short sleeveless dress called "discotheque dress" was briefly very popular in the United States. The earliest known use for the abbreviated form "disco" described this dress and has been found in The Salt Lake Tribune on July 12, , but Playboy magazine used it in September of the same year to describe Los Angeles nightclubs.
Vince Aletti was one of the first to describe disco as a sound or a music genre. The music typically layered soaring, often- reverberated vocals, often doubled by horns, over a background "pad" of electric pianos and "chicken-scratch" rhythm guitars played on an electric guitar. Lead guitar features less frequently in disco than in rock. Synthesizers are also fairly common in disco, especially in the late s. The sound was enriched with solo lines and harmony parts played by a variety of orchestral instruments, such as harp , violin , viola , cello , trumpet , saxophone , trombone , clarinet , flugelhorn , French horn , tuba , English horn , oboe , flute sometimes especially the alto flute and occasionally bass flute , piccolo , timpani and synth strings , string section or a full string orchestra.
Most disco songs have a steady four-on-the-floor beat, a quaver or semi-quaver hi-hat pattern with an open hi-hat on the off-beat, and a heavy, syncopated bass line. Other Latin rhythms such as the rhumba, the samba, and the cha-cha-cha are also found in disco recordings, and Latin polyrhythms , such as a rhumba beat layered over a merengue, are commonplace. The quaver pattern is often supported by other instruments such as the rhythm guitar and may be implied rather than explicitly present.
Songs often use syncopation , which is the accenting of unexpected beats. Disco is further characterized by a 16th note division of the quarter notes as shown in the second drum pattern below, after a typical rock drum pattern. The orchestral sound is usually known as "disco sound" relies heavily on string sections and horns playing linear phrases, in unison with the soaring, often reverberated vocals or playing instrumental fills, while electric pianos and chicken-scratch guitars create the background "pad" sound defining the harmony progression.
Typically, all of the doubling of parts and use of additional instruments creates a rich " wall of sound ". There are, however, more minimalist flavors of disco with reduced, transparent instrumentation, pioneered by Chic. Harmonically, disco music typically contains major and minor seven chords, which are found more often in jazz than pop music.
The "disco sound" was much more costly to produce than many of the other popular music genres from the s. Unlike the simpler, four-piece-band sound of funk , soul music of the late s, or the small jazz organ trios , disco music often included a large band, with several chordal instruments guitar, keyboards, synthesizer , several drum or percussion instruments drumkit, Latin percussion, electronic drums , a horn section , a string orchestra , and a variety of " classical " solo instruments for example, flute, piccolo, and so on.
Disco songs were arranged and composed by experienced arrangers and orchestrators , and record producers added their creative touches to the overall sound using multitrack recording techniques and effects units. Recording complex arrangements with such a large number of instruments and sections required a team that included a conductor , copyists , record producers, and mixing engineers. Mixing engineers had an important role in the disco production process, because disco songs used as many as 64 tracks of vocals and instruments.
Mixing engineers and record producers, under the direction of arrangers, compiled these tracks into a fluid composition of verses, bridges, and refrains, complete with builds and breaks. Mixing engineers and record producers helped to develop the "disco sound" by creating a distinctive-sounding, sophisticated disco mix.
Early records were the "standard" three-minute version until Tom Moulton came up with a way to make songs longer so that he could take a crowd of dancers at a club to another level and keep them dancing longer. They cut the next single on a 12" disc, the same format as a standard album. Moulton and Rodriguez discovered that these larger records could have much longer songs and remixes. By the late s most major US cities had thriving disco club scenes.
The scene was centered on discotheques , nightclubs , and private loft parties. In the late '70s, Studio 54 in Midtown Manhattan was arguably the best known nightclub in the world. This club played a major formative role in the growth of disco music and nightclub culture in general. It was operated by Steve Rubell and Ian Schrager and was notorious for the hedonism that went on within; the balconies were known for sexual encounters , and drug use was rampant.
Its dance floor was decorated with an image of the " Man in the Moon " that included an animated cocaine spoon. The " Copacabana ", another New York nightclub dating to the s, had a revival in the late s when it embraced disco; it would become the setting of a Barry Manilow song of the same name. In Washington, D. Powerful, bass-heavy, hi-fi sound systems were viewed as a key part of the disco club experience.
Typical lighting designs for disco dance floors could include multi-coloured lights that swirl around or flash to the beat, strobe light , an illuminated dance floor and a mirror ball.
Disco-era disc jockeys DJs would often remix existing songs using reel-to-reel tape machines , and add in percussion breaks, new sections, and new sounds. DJs would select songs and grooves according to what the dancers wanted, transitioning from one song to another with a DJ mixer and using a microphone to introduce songs and speak to the audiences. Other equipment was added to the basic DJ setup, providing unique sound manipulations, such as reverb , equalization, and echo effects unit.
Using this equipment, a DJ could do effects such as cutting out all but the bassline of a song and then slowly mixing in the beginning of another song using the DJ mixer's crossfader. Notable U. Some DJs were also record producers who created and produced disco songs in the recording studio. Larry Levan, for example, was a prolific record producer as well as a DJ.
Because record sales were often dependent on dance floor play by DJs in leading nightclubs, DJs were also influential for the development and popularization of certain types of disco music being produced for record labels. In the early years, dancers in discos danced in a "hang loose" or "freestyle" approach. At first, many dancers improvised their own dance styles and dance steps. Later in the disco era, popular dance styles were developed, including the "Bump", "Penguin", "Boogaloo", "Watergate" and "Robot".
By October the Hustle reigned. It was highly stylized, sophisticated and overtly sexual. During the disco era, many nightclubs would commonly host disco dance competitions or offer free dance lessons. Some cities had disco dance instructors or dance schools, which taught people how to do popular disco dances such as "touch dancing", "the hustle", and " the cha cha ". The pioneer of disco dance instruction was Karen Lustgarten in San Francisco in Her book The Complete Guide to Disco Dancing Warner Books was the first to name, break down and codify popular disco dances as dance forms and distinguish between disco freestyle, partner and line dances.
The dynamic dance duo of Robin and Reggie led the show. The pair spent the week teaching disco dancing to dancers in the disco clubs. The instructional show aired on Saturday mornings and had a strong following. The viewers of this would stay up all night on Fridays so they could be on the set the next morning, ready to return to the disco on Saturday night knowing with the latest personalized dance steps. The producers of the show, John Reid and Greg Roselli, routinely made appearances at disco functions with Robin and Reggie to scout out new dancing talent and promote upcoming events such as "Disco Night at White Sox Park".
Other dance marathons took place after Roberts held the world's record for disco dancing for a short period of time. Some notable professional dance troupes of the s included Pan's People and Hot Gossip. For many dancers, a key source of inspiration for s disco dancing was the film Saturday Night Fever Interest in disco dancing also helped spawn dance competition TV shows such as Dance Fever Disco fashions were very trendy in the late s.
Some women would wear sheer, flowing dresses, such as Halston dresses or loose, flared pants. Other women wore tight, revealing, sexy clothes, such as backless halter tops , disco pants , "hot pants", or body-hugging spandex bodywear or "catsuits". Men often wore Pierre Cardin suits, three piece suits with a vest and double-knit polyester shirt jackets with matching trousers known as the leisure suit. Men's leisure suits were typically form-fitted in some parts of the body, such as the waist and bottom, but the lower part of the pants were flared in a bell bottom style, to permit freedom of movement.
During the disco era, men engaged in elaborate grooming rituals and spent time choosing fashion clothing, both activities that would have been considered "feminine" according to the gender stereotypes of the era. Platform shoes and boots for both genders and high heels for women were popular footwear. Less commonly, some disco dancers wore outlandish costumes, dressed in drag , covered their bodies with gold or silver paint, or wore very skimpy outfits leaving them nearly nude; these uncommon get-ups were more likely to be seen at invitation-only New York City loft parties and disco clubs.
In addition to the dance and fashion aspects of the disco club scene, there was also a thriving club drug subculture , particularly for drugs that would enhance the experience of dancing to the loud, bass-heavy music and the flashing colored lights, such as cocaine  nicknamed "blow" , amyl nitrite " poppers " ,  and the " Paul Gootenberg states that "[t]he relationship of cocaine to s disco culture cannot be stressed enough While the dance floor was the central arena of seduction , actual sex usually took place in the nether regions of the disco: bathroom stalls, exit stairwells , and so on.
In other cases the disco became a kind of 'main course' in a hedonist's menu for a night out. In his paper, "In Defense of Disco" , Richard Dyer claims eroticism as one of the three main characteristics of disco.
He uses Donna Summer's singles " Love to Love You Baby " and " I Feel Love " as examples of the ever present relationship between the synthesized bass lines and backgrounds to the simulated sounds of orgasms Summers echoes in the tracks, and likens them to the drug-fervent, sexually liberated fans of disco who sought to free themselves through disco's "aesthetic of machine sex. In their history of the disc jockey and club culture, Bill Brewster and Frank Broughton describe the Sanctuary as "poured full of newly liberated gay men, then shaken and stirred by a weighty concoction of dance music and pharmacoia of pills and potions, the result is a festivaly of carnality.
By describing the music, drugs and liberated mentality as a trifecta coming together to create the festival of carnality, Brewster and Broughton are inciting all three as stimuli for the dancing, sex and other embodied movements that contributed to the corporeal vibrations within the Sanctuary. This supports the argument that the disco music took a role in facilitating this sexual liberation that was experienced in the discotheques.
Further, this coupled with the recent legalization of abortions, the introduction of antibiotics and the pill all facilitated a culture shift around sex from one of procreation to pleasure and enjoyment fostering a very sex positive framework around discotheques.
Further, in addition to gay sex being illegal in New York state, until the American Psychiatric Association classified homosexuality as an illness. Disco was mostly developed from music that was popular on the dance floor in clubs that started playing records instead of having a live band. The first discotheques mostly played swing music.
Later on uptempo rhythm and blues became popular in American clubs and northern soul and glam rock records in the UK. In the early s nightclubs in Paris resorted to playing jazz records during the Nazi occupation.
2012-4 Les Mills tracklists
It features guest vocals from American rapper Pitbull. At the time of the song's production, Lopez was unsure whether or not the song would be the lead single from a greatest hits album, or a new studio album. Lopez credits the song as her anthem and metaphor , which stood for her surviving a rough divorce. Elsewhere, the song reached the top ten in sixteen countries. Critics noted similarities between "Dance Again" and the duo's previous collaboration "On the Floor" but critiqued the former for its lack of originality. An accompanying music video was directed by long-time collaborator Paul Hunter and choreographed by Frank Gatson, Jr.
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Do you teach indoor cycling? You made some good points here. Peace and blessing!!
Descargar Body Pump Why all hashtags are grouped on 30?
Posted by: nzglen on: November 5, Most of you have probably seen these on lesmills. They are crazy!
Он хотел крикнуть, но в легких не было воздуха, с губ срывалось лишь невнятное мычание. - Нет! - закашлявшись, исторгнул он из груди. Но звук так и не сорвался с его губ. Беккер понимал, что, как только дверь за Меган закроется, она исчезнет навсегда. Он снова попробовал ее позвать, но язык отказывался ему подчиняться. Девушка почти уже добралась до двери. Беккер поднялся на ноги, пытаясь выровнять дыхание.
About this book
- Неужели фильтры безопасности что-то пропустили. В целях безопасности каждый файл, загруженный в ТРАНСТЕКСТ, должен был пройти через устройство, именуемое Сквозь строй, - серию мощных межсетевых шлюзов, пакетных фильтров и антивирусных программ, которые проверяли вводимые файлы на предмет компьютерных вирусов и потенциально опасных подпрограмм. Файлы, содержащие программы, незнакомые устройству, немедленно отвергались. Их затем проверяли вручную. Иногда отвергались абсолютно безвредные файлы - на том основании, что они содержали программы, с которыми фильтры прежде не сталкивались. В этом случае сотрудники лаборатории систем безопасности тщательно изучали их вручную и, убедившись в их чистоте, запускали в ТРАНСТЕКСТ, минуя фильтры программы Сквозь строй.
Похоже, нужно было проанализировать политический фон, на котором разворачивались эти события, сравнить их и перевести это сопоставление в магическое число… и все это за пять минут. ГЛАВА 124 - Атаке подвергся последний щит. На ВР отчетливо было видно, как уничтожалось окно программной авторизации. Черные всепроникающие линии окружили последний предохранительный щит и начали прорываться к сердцевине банка данных. Алчущие хакеры прорывались со всех уголков мира. Их количество удваивалось каждую минуту.
Вот где кольцо! - подумал. - В сумке. - и улыбнулся, едва сохраняя спокойствие. - Ты сочтешь это сумасшествием, - сказал Беккер, - но мне кажется, что у тебя есть кое-что, что мне очень. - Да? - Меган внезапно насторожилась.
Оно есть, - кивнул Стратмор. - Тебя оно не обрадует. - В ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ сбой. - ТРАНСТЕКСТ в полном порядке. - Вирус.
В АНБ сосредоточена самая секретная государственная информация: протоколы военной связи, разведданные, списки разведчиков в зарубежных странах, чертежи передовой военной техники, документация в цифровом формате, торговые соглашения, - и этот список нескончаем. - Танкадо не посмеет этого сделать! - воскликнула. - Уничтожить всю нашу секретную информацию? - Сьюзан не могла поверить, что Танкадо совершит нападение на главный банк данных АНБ. Она перечитала его послание.
ГЛАВА 58 - Меган - девушка моего друга Эдуардо! - крикнул панк Беккеру. -Держись от нее подальше.