Global Warming And Acid Rain Pdf In Hindi
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Acid rain , also called acid precipitation or acid deposition , precipitation possessing a pH of about 5. In acid-sensitive landscapes, acid deposition can reduce the pH of surface waters and lower biodiversity. It weakens trees and increases their susceptibility to damage from other stressors, such as drought , extreme cold, and pests.
- Acid Rain: Causes, Effects and Solutions
- What is climate change? A really simple guide
- Global Warming / Climate Change Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic , meaning that it has elevated levels of hydrogen ions low pH. It can have harmful effects on plants, aquatic animals, and infrastructure. Acid rain is caused by emissions of sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide , which react with the water molecules in the atmosphere to produce acids. Some governments have made efforts since the s  to reduce the release of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide into the atmosphere with positive results. Nitrogen oxides can also be produced naturally by lightning strikes, and sulphur dioxide is produced by volcanic eruptions.
Acid Rain: Causes, Effects and Solutions
Acid rain was discovered in the 19th century by Robert Angus Smith, a pharmacist from Manchester England , who measured high levels of acidity in rain falling over industrial regions of England and contrasted them to the much lower levels he observed in less polluted areas near the coast. Little attention was paid to his work until the s, when biologists noticed an alarming decline of fish populations in the lakes of southern Norway and traced the problem to acid rain. These findings spurred intense research to understand the origin of the acid rain phenomenon. Pure water has a pH of 7 determined by dissociation of H2O molecules:. Rainwater falling in the atmosphere always contains impurities, even in the absence of human influence.
One of the most compelling reasons for studying environmental science and management is the fact that, in the view of many leading authorities, we are now experiencing an environmental crisis; indeed, many authors have claimed that the present environmental crisis is unprecedented in its magnitude, pace and severity Park Awareness of this environmental crisis has grown since the s, partly as a result of the prominence given to major so-called 'environmental' disasters such as the Sahelian droughts of the s and s and the nuclear accident at Chernobyl in Consequently, a wide range of environmental problems has emerged; those problems include anthropogenic climate change 'global warming' , the depletion of stratospheric ozone the 'ozone hole' , the acidification of surface waters 'acid rain' , the destruction of tropical forests, the depletion and extinction of species, and the precipitous decline of biodiversity. Yet, while all of these problems have physical environmental manifestations, their causes - and their potential solutions - are invariably bound up with human attitudes, beliefs, values, needs, desires, expectations, and behaviours. Thus the symptoms of the environmental crisis cannot be regarded purely as physical problems requiring solutions by environmental 'specialists'; instead, they are intrinsically human problems and they are intimately related to the question of what it means to be human.
What is climate change? A really simple guide
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As a global environmental issue, it is frequently overshadowed by climate change. Although the problem of acid rain has been significantly reduced in some areas.
Global Warming / Climate Change Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
While Covid has shaken much of human society, the threat posed by global warming has not gone away. Human activities have increased carbon dioxide emissions, driving up temperatures. Extreme weather and melting polar ice are among the possible effects. The Earth's average temperature is about 15C but has been much higher and lower in the past.
Global Warming - Impacts and Future Perspective.