Ideas And Opinions By Albert Einstein 1954 Pdf
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A knowledge of the existence of something we cannot penetrate, of the manifestations of the profoundest reason and the most radiant beauty - it is this knowledge and this emotion that constitute the truly religious attitude; in this sense, and in this alone, I am a deeply religious man. Albert Einstein. I do not believe in a personal God and I have never denied this but have expressed it clearly.
Ideas and Opinions
A knowledge of the existence of something we cannot penetrate, of the manifestations of the profoundest reason and the most radiant beauty - it is this knowledge and this emotion that constitute the truly religious attitude; in this sense, and in this alone, I am a deeply religious man.
Albert Einstein. I do not believe in a personal God and I have never denied this but have expressed it clearly. If something is in me which can be called religious then it is the unbounded admiration for the structure of the world so far as our science can reveal it. Albert Einstein , I believe in Spinoza's God who reveals himself in the orderly harmony of what exists, not in a God who concerns himself with the fates and actions of human beings. Over ten years I have read many hundreds of great philosophers, but of them all I have special affection for Albert Einstein.
Having now read Albert Einstein's 'Special and General Relativity', and 'Ideas and Opinions' many times, I thought it would be nice to put up a web page that presented his religious ideas in as simple and ordered way as possible. Albert Einstein was a beautiful man, wise and moral, who lived in difficult times. I think all people will enjoy the great clarity and wisdom of his ideas, and they will find them very relevant and useful in our modern and very disturbed world.
As he writes on humanity and true religiousness;. A human being is part of the whole called by us universe, a part limited in time and space. We experience ourselves, our thoughts and feelings as something separate from the rest. A kind of optical delusion of consciousness.
This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from the prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty. The true value of a human being is determined by the measure and the sense in which they have obtained liberation from the self.
We shall require a substantially new manner of thinking if humanity is to survive. The most beautiful and most profound experience is the sensation of the mystical. It is the sower of all true science. He to whom this emotion is a stranger, who can no longer wonder and stand rapt in awe, is as good as dead. To know that what is impenetrable to us really exists, manifesting itself as the highest wisdom and the most radiant beauty which our dull faculties can comprehend only in their primitive forms - this knowledge, this feeling is at the center of true religiousness.
Perhaps I am a romantic, but it is my hope that in the future Humanity will live by the truth, with greater harmony between different people, their religions and cultures, and to life in all its complex beauty.
Albert Einstein's ideas on Physics and Reality are also significant. It was from reading Einstein that I first realised that matter was not made of tiny 'particles'. And having also read Lorentz whose work is founded on Absolute Space I realised that a slight modification of Einstein's relativity solved many of the problems of modern physics. Einstein represented Matter as continuous fields in space-time, which never explained the discrete phenomena of quantum theory.
The solution is simple , to work from real waves in a continuously connected space. The articles on the side of the page show how the Wave Structure of Matter - by explaining matter's necessarily interconnected motion in space - solves numerous problems of knowledge found in postmodern Metaphysics, Physics and Philosophy.
Importantly and profoundly, we can now understand our true 'spirituality', our connection to 'god', by realising that we are really structures of the universe as Einstein knew , that our discrete and separate 'body' is a naive real illusion of the senses.
Go and look at the stars at night and really think about how you exist in the universe, that amazing universe you can see is really what you are - that is why you can see it! It is a very cool spiritual experience - and it is true! The religion of the future will be a cosmic religion. It should transcend personal God and avoid dogma and theology. Covering both the natural and the spiritual, it should be based on a religious sense arising from the experience of all things natural and spiritual as a meaningful unity.
Buddhism answers this description. If there is any religion that could cope with modern scientific needs it would be Buddhism. It was, of course, a lie what you read about my religious convictions, a lie which is being systematically repeated.
Scientific research is based on the idea that everything that takes place is determined by laws of Nature , and therefore this holds for the action of people. For this reason, a research scientist will hardly be inclined to believe that events could be influenced by a prayer, i.
Albert Einstein, , The Human Side. Responding to a child who wrote and asked if scientists pray. A man's ethical behaviour should be based effectually on sympathy, education, and social ties and needs; no religious basis is necessary. Man would indeed be in a poor way if he had to be restrained by fear of punishment and hope of reward after death.
I cannot conceive of a God who rewards and punishes his creatures, or has a will of the kind that we experience in ourselves. Neither can I nor would I want to conceive of an individual that survives his physical death; let feeble souls, from fear or absurd egoism, cherish such thoughts. I am satisfied with the mystery of the eternity of life and with the awareness and a glimpse of the marvelous structure of the existing world, together with the devoted striving to comprehend a portion, be it ever so tiny, of the Reason that manifests itself in nature.
I cannot imagine a God who rewards and punishes the objects of his creation, whose purposes are modeled after our own -- a God, in short, who is but a reflection of human frailty. Neither can I believe that the individual survives the death of his body, although feeble souls harbor such thoughts through fear or ridiculous egotisms. Stenger, Has Science Found God? One strength of the Communist system I cannot conceive of a personal God who would directly influence the actions of individuals, or would directly sit in judgment on creatures of his own creation.
I cannot do this in spite of the fact that mechanistic causality has, to a certain extent, been placed in doubt by modern science. Morality is of the highest importance -- but for us, not for God. If people are good only because they fear punishment, and hope for reward, then we are a sorry lot indeed. The idea of a personal God is an anthropological concept which I am unable to take seriously.
Albert Einstein, Letter to Hoffman and Dukas, The foundation of morality should not be made dependent on myth nor tied to any authority lest doubt about the myth or about the legitimacy of the authority imperil the foundation of sound judgment and action. I do not believe in immortality of the individual, and I consider ethics to be an exclusively human concern with no superhuman authority behind it. Albert Einstein, The Human Side. I have repeatedly said that in my opinion the idea of a personal God is a childlike one, but I do not share the crusading spirit of the professional atheist whose fervor is mostly due to a painful act of liberation from the fetters of religious indoctrination received in youth.
I prefer an attitude of humility corresponding to the weakness of our intellectual understanding of nature and of our own being. What I see in Nature is a magnificent structure that we can comprehend only very imperfectly, and that must fill a thinking person with a feeling of "humility. The mystical trend of our time, which shows itself particularly in the rampant growth of the so-called Theosophy and Spiritualism, is for me no more than a symptom of weakness and confusion.
Since our inner experiences consist of reproductions, and combinations of sensory impressions, the concept of a soul without a body seem to me to be empty and devoid of meaning. I want to know how God created this world. I am not interested in this or that phenomenon, in the spectrum of this or that element. I want to know his thoughts. The rest are details. It is very difficult to elucidate this [cosmic religious] feeling to anyone who is entirely without it.
The religious geniuses of all ages have been distinguished by this kind of religious feeling, which knows no dogma and no God conceived in man's image; so that there can be no church whose central teachings are based on it In my view, it is the most important function of art and science to awaken this feeling and keep it alive in those who are receptive to it. I see a pattern, but my imagination cannot picture the maker of that pattern.
I see a clock, but I cannot envision the clockmaker. The human mind is unable to conceive of the four dimensions, so how can it conceive of a God, before whom a thousand years and a thousand dimensions are as one? We know nothing about [God, the world] at all. All our knowledge is but the knowledge of schoolchildren. Possibly we shall know a little more than we do now.
Geoff - I think Einstein is referring to the limitations of mathematical physics and his failed attempt of a continuous field theory of matter i. However, with a wave structure of matter in space we have further knowledge that Space is a substance with properties of a wave medium.
But we are still imagining space based upon our own limited minds and imagination, so in a sense the solution is always incomplete. Then there are the fanatical atheists whose intolerance is the same as that of the religious fanatics, and it springs from the same source.
They are creatures who can't hear the music of the spheres. Geoff - It is interesting that Einstein refers to the 'music of the spheres', a perfect description of the the spherical standing wave structure of matter in Space! In the view of such harmony in the cosmos which I, with my limited human mind, am able to recognise, there are yet people who say there is no God.
But what makes me really angry is that they quote me for support for such views. What separates me from most so-called atheists is a feeling of utter humility toward the unattainable secrets of the harmony of the cosmos.
Albert Einstein to Joseph Lewis, Apr. Einstein observed that specialization is invariably damaging to Science as a whole;. The area of scientific knowledge has been enormously extended, and theoretical knowledge has become vastly more profound in every department of science.
But the assimilative power of the human intellect is and remains strictly limited. Hence it was inevitable that the activity of the individual investigator should be confined to a smaller and smaller section of human knowledge. Worse still, this specialization makes it increasingly difficult to keep even our general understanding of science as a whole, without which the true spirit of research is inevitably handicapped, in step with scientific progress.
Every serious scientific worker is painfully conscious of this involuntary relegation to an ever-narrowing sphere of knowledge, which threatens to deprive the investigator of his broad horizon and degrades him to the level of a mechanic It is just as important to make knowledge live and to keep it alive as to solve specific problems.
Albert Einstein, The individual feels the futility of human desires and aims and the sublimity and marvelous order which reveal themselves both in nature and in the world of thought. Individual existence impresses him as a sort of prison and he wants to experience the universe as a single significant whole. The beginnings of cosmic religious feeling already appear at an early stage of development, e.
Primary Literature. Please note: This list has been compiled in January and is constantly updated. Last update: March Most bookcovers on this page are clickable to call up additional information about the book, usually from the publisher's web site, or an online version. Stachel, John ed. Klein, Martin J.
A collection of insightful and thought provoking essays from one of the greatest thinkers of the twentieth century A new edition of the most definitive.
Ideas And Opinions
His ideas and theories were so shockingly revolutionary, he changed the way the Universe was imagined, not just once, but several times. He published his first great theories in Switzerland in the early s while working as a patent clerk. Albert makes a great person for kids to study for the week.
Einstein is known widely for developing the theory of relativity , but he also made important contributions to the development of the theory of quantum mechanics. Relativity and quantum mechanics are together the two pillars of modern physics. His intellectual achievements and originality resulted in "Einstein" becoming synonymous with "genius".
Everything that the human race has done and thought is concerned with the satisfaction of deeply felt needs and the assuagement of pain. One has to keep this constantly in mind if one wishes to understand spiritual movements and their development. Feeling and longing are the motive force behind all human endeavor and human creation, in however exalted a guise the latter may present themselves to us.
Подходя к шифровалке, он успел заметить, что шторы кабинета шефа задернуты. Это означало, что тот находится на рабочем месте. Несмотря на субботу, в этом не было ничего необычного; Стратмор, который просил шифровальщиков отдыхать по субботам, сам работал, кажется, 365 дней в году. В одном Чатрукьян был абсолютно уверен: если шеф узнает, что в лаборатории систем безопасности никого нет, это будет стоить молодому сотруднику места. Чатрукьян посмотрел на телефонный аппарат и подумал, не позвонить ли этому парню: в лаборатории действовало неписаное правило, по которому сотрудники должны прикрывать друг друга. В шифровалке они считались людьми второго сорта и не очень-то ладили с местной элитой.
Росио подошла к нему еще ближе. - Я не знаю, кто вы такой и чего хотите, но если вы немедленно отсюда не уйдете, я вызову службу безопасности отеля и настоящая полиция арестует вас за попытку выдать себя за полицейского офицера. Беккер знал, что Стратмор в пять минут вызволит его из тюрьмы, но понимал, что это дело надо завершить совершенно. Арест никак не вписывался в его планы. Росио подошла еще ближе и изучающе смотрела на. - Хорошо, - вздохнул он, всем своим видом признавая поражение. Его испанский тут же потерял нарочитый акцент.
Значит, она слышала звук выстрела Хейла, а не коммандера. Как в тумане она приблизилась к бездыханному телу. Очевидно, Хейл сумел высвободиться. Провода от принтера лежали. Должно быть, я оставила беретту на диване, - подумала. Кровь, вытекающая из головы, в голубоватом свечении казалась черной.
Но Мидж эта ситуация явно доставляла удовольствие. Она подошла к окну, вертя бумагу перед глазами, чтобы найти лучший угол для падения лунного света.
Последний месяц был для Лиланда Фонтейна временем больших ожиданий: в агентстве происходило нечто такое, что могло изменить ход истории, и, как это ни странно директор Фонтейн узнал об этом лишь случайно. Три месяца назад до Фонтейна дошли слухи о том, что от Стратмора уходит жена. Он узнал также и о том, что его заместитель просиживает на службе до глубокой ночи и может не выдержать такого напряжения. Несмотря на разногласия со Стратмором по многим вопросам, Фонтейн всегда очень высоко его ценил.
О небо. Только подумайте. Беккер встревожился: - Так кольца у вас .
- Быть может, Хейл был прав, говоря, что система резервного питания подает недостаточное количество фреона.