Pdf Maryland Laws And Board Regulations Pertaining To Practice Of Psychology
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A psychologist is a person who studies normal and abnormal mental states , perceptual , cognitive , emotional , and social processes and behavior by experimenting with, and observing, interpreting, and recording how individuals relate to one another and to their environments. Applied psychology applies theory to solve problems in human and animal behavior.
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- MPA letter to the Maryland Board of Examiners for Psychologists
- Psychology Laws & Licensing Boards in Canada & the United States
- MPA letter to the Maryland Board of Examiners for Psychologists
Ethics are an important concern in the field of psychology, particularly as it relates to therapy and research. Working with patients and conducting psychological research can pose a wide variety of ethical and moral issues that need to be addressed. The APA ethics code provides guidance for professionals working in the field of psychology so that they're better equipped with the knowledge of what to do when they encounter some type of moral or ethical dilemma. Some of these are principles or values that psychologists should aspire to uphold. In other cases, the APA outlines standards that are enforceable expectations.
Wrong document context!
Ethics are an important concern in the field of psychology, particularly as it relates to therapy and research. Working with patients and conducting psychological research can pose a wide variety of ethical and moral issues that need to be addressed. The APA ethics code provides guidance for professionals working in the field of psychology so that they're better equipped with the knowledge of what to do when they encounter some type of moral or ethical dilemma.
Some of these are principles or values that psychologists should aspire to uphold. In other cases, the APA outlines standards that are enforceable expectations. The APA first published their ethics code in and has been continuously evolving the code ever since.
The current version of the ethics code, which introduced the distinction between principles and standards, was developed in and later amended in and The APA code of ethics is composed of key principles and ethical standards. The principles are intended as a guide to help inspire psychologists as they work in their profession, whether they are working in mental health, in research , or in business. The standards, on the other hand, are expectations of conduct that can lead to professional and legal ramifications when violated.
As Nicholas Hobbs, who served as an APA president and head of one of the committees that designed the standards explained, the purpose of the code is not to keep unscrupulous people out of trouble.
It serves as an aid to help ethical psychologists make real-world decisions in their daily practice. The code of ethics applies only to work-related, professional activities including research, teaching, counseling , psychotherapy, and consulting. Private conduct is not subject to scrutiny by the APA's ethics committee. Not all ethical issues are clear-cut, but the APA strives to offer psychologists guiding principles to help them make sound ethical choices within their profession.
The first principle of the APA ethics code states that psychologists should strive to protect the rights and welfare of those with whom they work professionally.
This principle encourages psychologists to strive to eliminate biases , affiliations, and prejudices that might influence their work. This includes acting independently in research and not allowing affiliations or sponsorships to influence results. The APA also suggests that psychologists have a moral responsibility to help ensure that others working in their profession also uphold high ethical standards.
This principle suggests that psychologists should participate in activities that enhance the ethical compliance and conduct of their colleagues. Serving as a mentor, taking part in peer-review, and pointing out ethical concerns or misconduct are examples of how this principle might be put into action. Psychologists are also encouraged to donate some of their time to the betterment of the community. In research and practice, psychologists should never attempt to deceive or misrepresent.
In research, deception can involve fabricating or manipulating results in some way to achieve desired outcomes. When deception is used in research which may involve the use of confederates or not fully revealing the true nature of the research , psychologists must make efforts to mitigate the effects.
This type of research deception must be justified and the possible gains must outweigh potential drawbacks. The use of deception should be minimal, not result in distress, and be disclosed at the earliest possible opportunity. In its broadest sense, justice relates to a responsibility to be fair and impartial. This principle states that people have a right to access and benefit from advances that have been made in the field of psychology.
It is important for psychologists to treat people equally. Psychologists should also always practice within their area of expertise and also be aware of their level of competence and limitations. Psychologists should respect the right to dignity, privacy, and confidentiality of those they work with professionally.
For example, people may have specific concerns related to their age, socioeconomic status, race, gender, religion, ethnicity, or disability.
The 10 standards found in the APA ethics code are enforceable rules of conduct for psychologists working in clinical practice and academia. These standards tend to be broad in order to help guide the behavior of psychologists across a wide variety of domains and situations. They apply to areas such as education, therapy, advertising, privacy, research, and publication. This standard of the APA ethics code provides information about what psychologists should do to resolve ethical situations they may encounter in their work.
This includes advice for what researchers should do when their work is misrepresented and when to report ethical violations. It is important that psychologists practice within their area of expertise. When treating clients or working with the public, psychologists must make it clear what they are trained to do as well as what they are not trained to do. This standard stipulates that in an emergency situation, professionals may provide services even if it falls outside the scope of their practice in order to ensure that access to services is provided.
Psychologists frequently work with a team of other mental health professionals. This standard of the ethics code is designed to guide psychologists in their interactions with others in the field. This includes guidelines for dealing with sexual harassment, discrimination, avoiding harm during treatment, and avoiding exploitative relationships such as a sexual relationship with a student or subordinate.
However, the APA also notes that there are limitations to confidentiality. Sometimes psychologists need to disclose information about their patients in order to consult with other mental health professionals, for example. While there are cases where information is divulged, psychologists must strive to minimize these intrusions on privacy and confidentiality.
Psychologists who advertise their services must ensure that they accurately depict their training, experience, and expertise. They also need to avoid marketing statements that are deceptive or false. This also applies to how psychologists are portrayed by the media when providing their expertise or opinion in articles, blogs, books, or television programs. When presenting at conferences or giving workshops, psychologists should also ensure that the brochures and other marketing materials for the event accurately depict what the event will cover.
Patient records include case notes and other diagnostic assessments used in the course of treatment. In terms of research, record keeping involves detailing how studies were performed and the procedures that were used. This allows other researchers to assess the research and ensures that the study can be replicated.
This standard focuses on expectations for behavior when psychologists are teaching or training students. When creating courses and programs to train other psychologists and mental health professionals , current and accurate evidence-based research should be used.
This standard also states that faculty members are not allowed to provide psychotherapy services to their students. This standard focuses on ethical considerations when conducting research and publishing results. For example, the APA states that psychologists must obtain approval from the institution that is carrying out the research, present information about the purpose of the study to participants, and inform participants about the potential risks of taking part in the research.
Psychologists should obtain informed consent before administering assessments. They should also take steps to ensure the privacy of those who have taken assessments. This standard outlines professional expectations within the context of providing therapy. Areas that are addressed include the importance of obtaining informed consent and explaining the treatment process to clients. Confidentiality is addressed, as well as some of the limitations to confidentiality, such as when a client poses an immediate danger to himself or others.
Minimizing harm, avoiding sexual relationships with clients, and continuation of care are other areas that are addressed by this standard. For example, if a psychologist must stop providing services to a client for some reason, psychologists are expected to prepare clients for the change and help locate alternative services. What happens if a psychologist violates a standard in the APA ethics code?
After a report of unethical conduct is received, the APA may censure or reprimand the psychologist, or the individual may have his or her APA membership revoked. Complaints may also be referred to others, including state professional licensing boards. State psychological associations, professional groups, licensing boards, and government agencies may also choose to impose sanctions against the psychologist.
Health insurance agencies and state and federal payers of health insurance claims may also pursue action against professionals for ethical violations related to treatment, billing, or fraud.
Illegal activity may be prosecuted in the criminal courts. If this results in a felony conviction, the APA may take further actions including suspension or expulsion from state psychological associations and the suspension or loss of the psychologist's license to practice.
Because psychologists often deal with extremely sensitive or volatile situations, ethical concerns can play a big role in professional life. The most significant ethical issues include the following:. Due to the role they serve, psychologists often work with individuals who are vulnerable due to their age, disability, intellectual ability, and other concerns.
When working with these individuals, psychologists must always strive to protect the welfare of their clients. Psychologists are responsible for providing a wide range of services in their roles as therapists, researchers, educators, and consultants. When people are acting as consumers of psychological services, they have a right to know what to expect.
When conducting research, informed consent involves letting participants know about any possible risks of taking part in the research. Therapy requires providing a safe place for clients to discuss highly personal issues without fear of having this information shared with others or made public.
However, sometimes a psychologist might need to share some details such as when consulting with other professionals or when they are publishing research. Ethical guidelines dictate when and how some information might be shared, as well as some of the steps that psychologists should take to protect client privacy.
The training, education, and experience of psychologists is also an important ethical concern. Psychologists must possess the skill and knowledge to properly provide the services that clients need.
For example, if a psychologist needs to administer a particular assessment in the course of treatment, they should have an understanding of both the administration and interpretation of that specific test. While ethical codes exist to help psychologists, this does not mean that psychology is free of ethical controversy today. Ever wonder what your personality type means? Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. American Psychological Association. Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct.
Including and Amendments. Ethical considerations for addressing distorted beliefs in psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Chic. Stark L. The science of ethics: Deception, the resilient self, and the APA code of ethics, J Hist Behav Sci. Psychotherapy in the MeToo era: Ethical issues. Psychotherapists in danger: The ethics of responding to client threats, stalking, and harassment.
MPA letter to the Maryland Board of Examiners for Psychologists
Welcome to the website of the Office of Professional and Financial Regulation, an agency within the Department of Professional and Financial Regulation. We appreciate your visit to our homepage and we look forward to assisting you. Although our building in Gardiner, Maine is not open to the public due to the COVID health emergency, our staff remains available to resolve your complaints, answer your questions, and continue to deliver high-quality services to consumers and regulated industries. Thank you, and we look forward to hearing from you. The State Board of Examiners of Psychologists was established to assure the citizens of the State of Maine of the highest standards of practice of psychology. The primary responsibilities of the Board are to conduct examinations of candidates for licensure to practice psychology, to verify credentials of applicants, to license and renew upon documentation of continuing education activities, to conduct hearings and investigations upon receipt of complaints pertaining to psychology.
This may involve completing an application for that state. Some preliminary information is available on the State Requirements Comparison Chart. If you prefer, download the chart as an xlsx file. Applicants must submit the statute, rules, and regulations governing marriage and family therapy licensure for the state in which they are currently licensed and through which they are seeking reciprocity. The Board will make a determination of substantial similarity based on the information presented. The supervision experience must have consisted of at least 1, hours providing psychotherapy face-to-face with clients for the profession for which licensure is sought, and shall be accrued in no less than weeks. At least hours of supervision per 1, hours of psychotherapy face-to-face with clients provided by the intern; At least one 1 hour of supervision every two 2 weeks; at least one 1 hour of supervision per fifteen 15 hours of psychotherapy, with a minimum of one 1 hour of supervision every two 2 weeks.
MPA educates about psychology and mental health, and promotes psychological science and practice. Find a local psychologist with our free.
Psychology Laws & Licensing Boards in Canada & the United States
Candidates are licensed on the basis of education, examination, and supervised practice. Maryland licenses both practice-oriented psychologists and non- practice oriented psychologists, but sets slightly different standards for each. Clinical, counseling, and school psychology are all considered practice-oriented.
On behalf of the Board of Directors, we are writing on behalf of the citizens of Maryland who have received psychological services from providers living outside of the state of Maryland. While providers and citizens can benefit from the COVID Temporary Changes that you put forth on April 3, , we are writing to ask that you consider the following additional modifications to facilitate continuity of care to the citizens of Maryland and to ease the barriers experienced by psychologists outside of the state to providing such care. Our concern is eliminating barriers, ensuring continuity, and increasing access to care. In this regard, we ask that the need for a temporary license be waived as has been done in other jurisdictions, for psychologists who meet the minimum licensure requirement in Maryland.
MPA letter to the Maryland Board of Examiners for Psychologists
The majority of the United States exert little or no direct regulation over the practice of hypnosis or hypnotherapy, although other laws generally affecting the operation of any business will usually apply for example: truth in advertising, unfair business practices, etc. Regulation: The Department of Consumer Protection shall receive and investigate complaints against individuals who are practicing or have practiced hypnosis in this state and may cause a prosecution to be instigated based on such investigation. The grounds for complaint shall include physical or sexual abuse, misappropriation of property, and fraud or deceit in obtaining or attempting to obtain registration as a hypnotist. Definition of Hypnosis: In Connecticut, hypnosis means an artificially induced altered state of consciousness, characterized by heightened suggestibility and receptivity to direction.
Be at least 18 years old. Pay the application fee. Applicants who graduate from an accredited physician assistant educational program after October 1, , must have a baccalaureate degree or the equivalent education to a baccalaureate degree. Demonstrate oral and written competency in English as required by the Board.
The legislation includes provisions to strengthen the behavioral health workforce through increasing addiction medicine education; standardize the delivery of addiction medicine; expand access to high-quality, evidence-based care; and cover addiction medicine in a way that facilitates the delivery of coordinated and comprehensive treatment. In December , the 21st Century Cures Act was signed into law. The Cures Act addresses many critical issues including leadership and accountability for behavioral health disorders at the federal level, the importance of evidence-based programs and prevention of mental and substance use disorders, and the imperative to coordinate efforts across government. The Cures Act codified the role of the Chief Medical Officer, which provides a clinical perspective at the national level that is imperative to sound stewardship and implementation of high quality, effective services. The Interdepartmental Serious Mental Illness Coordinating Committee ISMICC was created by the Cures Act to ensure better coordination across the entire Federal Government related to addressing the needs of individuals with serious mental illness or serious emotional disorders and their families. The Committee represents collaboration across multiple Departments and fourteen non-federal members representing treatment providers, researchers, patients, families, criminal justice systems, and others also participate in the ISMICC. The Policy Lab is working to promote evidence-based practices and service delivery models, and evaluating models that would benefit from further development and expansion.
Julia E. Watch her remarks in this video. Watch the full video.
Kenneth S. Pope, Ph. I collected the following addresses and phone numbers for each of the provincial psychology licensing boards in Canada and the state licensing boards in the United States to make it a little easier for psychologists and those seeking a psychology license to start their search for relevant information. Where possible, links are provided for the licensing board's home page and for various documents such as legislation relevant to the practice of psychology in that province or state, application information for a psychology license or registration, and continuing education requirements. These links are provided only to help people get started in their search for relevant information.