marraige and various types pdf upsc

Marraige And Various Types Pdf Upsc

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What is child marriage? Why does child marriage happen? How common is child marriage? Where does child marriage happen? How old are the children involved in child marriages?

Violence against women: Where are the solutions?

Monthly E-magazine Current affairs Digest. The family is the most important primary group in a society. It is the simplest and the most elementary form of society. The family as an institution is universal. It is the most permanent and the most pervasive of all social institutions.

In case of the west family is defined as an economic and social unit. In case of India, China and Japan family is a cultural religious unit. Sociologists have spoken of different forms or types of family. Differrent sociologists have different ways to type the family. On the basis of size or structure and generations of family can be classified into two main types:.

On the basis of nature of relations among the family members , the family can be classified into two main types:. The matriarchal family known as mother centered or mother dominated family. The mother or the woman is the head of the family. She exercises authority and manages the property.

The descent is traced through the mother hence it is matrilineal in descent. Daughters inherit the property of the mother. The status of the children is decided by the status of the mother. Matriarchal family is matrilocal in residence. After the marriage the wife stays back in her mother's home. The husband pays occasional visits to the wife's home. In theory mother exercises authority and power in the matriarchal family.

She is the head of the family and her decisions are final. But in practice some relatives of the family, her brother exercises authority in the family. The maternal family brings together the kinsmen and welds them in a powerful group.

The patriarchal family is also known as father centered or father dominated family. The father is the head of the family and exercises authority.

He is the administrator of the family property. The descent, inheritance and succession are recognized through the male line. Patriarchal families are patrilineal in character because the descent is traced through the male line.

Only the male children inherit the property. Patriarchal family is patrilocal in residence. Sons continue to live with the father in his own house even after their marriages. Only the wives come and join them. Women have secondary position in these families. Children are brought up in their father's family. The individual nuclear family is a universal social phenomenon.

It can be defined as a small group composed of husband and wife and children that constitute a unit apart from the rest of the community. The nuclear family is a characteristic of all the modern industrial societies in which a high degree of structural and functional specialization exists.

The nuclear family comprises a cohabiting man and woman who maintain a socially approved sexual relationship and have at least one child. The traditional nuclear family is a nuclear family in which the wife works in the home without pay while the husband works outside the home for money. This makes him the primary provider and ultimate authority according to Popenoe. According to Lowie it does not matter whether marital relations are permanent or temporary; whether there is polygyny or polyandry the one fact stands out beyond all others that everywhere the husband, wife and immature children constitute a unit apart from the remainder of the community.

Bottomore states that the universality of the nuclear family can be accounted for by the important functions that it has been performing. The nuclear family has been performing the sexual, the economic, the reproductive and the educational functions.

The indispensability of these and few other functions has contributed to its universality. A major factor in maintaining the nuclear family is economic cooperation based upon the division of labor between the sexes.

The structure of the nuclear family is not same everywhere. Bottomore makes a distinction between two kinds of family system. Vogel and Bell have presented a functional explanation based on the intensive study of American families with emotionally disturbed children.

Often the tension and hostility of unresolved conflicts between parents are projected onto the child. The child is thus used an emotional scapegoat by the parents to release their tension. It serves as a personality stabilizing process for the parents and keeps the family united but the child pays the cost of such unity.

The joint family is also known as undivided family or extended family. It normally consists of members belong to two-three generations: husband and wife, their married and unmarried children and their married or unmarried grandchildren. The joint family system constituted the basic social institution in many traditional societies particularly Asian societies like Indian.

The joint family is considered as bedrock on which Hindu values and attitudes are built. The joint family is a mode of combining smaller families into larger family units through the extension of three or more generations. In joint family the members are related through blood and spread over several generations living together under a common space and work under common head.

According to Iravati Karve, the joint family may be defined as a group of people who generally live under one roof, who eat food cooked at one hearth, who hold property in common and who participate in common family worship and are related to each other as some particular type of kindred. There are two forms of joint family:.

The Patriarchal joint family is father centered and the matriarchal joint family is mother dominated. The Nambudaris joint family is generally described as illom. The matriarchal joint families are found among the Nairs of Malabar, the Khasis and Garos living in the Garo hills of Assam. The Nair joint family is known as Tarawad.

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Special Marriage Act 1954

Click here for Paper I G. For queries, reach us on prestorming shankarias. What is the issue? What are the features of Indian Marriage System? What the Census Data say? What are the causes of marriage dissolution?

Anthropology Syllabus. Functions of marriage; Marriage regulations preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive ; Marriage payments bride wealth and dowry. Economic organization: Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology; Formalist and Substantivist debate; Principles governing production, distribution and exchange reciprocity, redistribution and market , in communities, subsisting on hunting and gathering, fishing, swiddening, pastoralism, horticulture, and agriculture; globalization and indigenous economic systems. Political organization and Social Control: Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state; concepts of power, authority and legitimacy; social control, law and justice in simple societies. Religion: Anthropological approaches to the study of religion evolutionary, psychological and functional ; monotheism and polytheism; sacred and profane; myths and rituals; forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies animism, animatism, fetishism, naturism and totemism ; religion, magic and science distinguished; magico- religious functionaries priest, shaman, medicine man, sorcerer and witch. Culture, language and communication: Nature, origin and characteristics of language; verbal and non-verbal communication; social context of language use.

the students to the concept, definition and meaning of marriage, the various types of marraiges that are prevalent in different societies. Herein, we would be able.

UPSC Handwritten Notes Marriage Family kinship | Important Notes Free PDF Download

The character and quality of social relations based on kinship, marriage and family are of paramount importance in all societies. The primary reason for this is that kinship, marriage and family play a dominant role in social systems. Kinship refers to human relationships by blood or consanguinity affinity with relations brought by marriage. Kinship relations are actually or fictiously traced through parentchild or sibling relations, and recognised for social purposes. The first unit delves into the basic concept of Kinship.



marked by a candidate in the Objective Type Question Papers. 5. FACILITATION Marriage: Definition and universality; Laws of marriage (endogamy.


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