Human Factors Influence On Cockpit Design And Layout Pdf Doi
File Name: human factors influence on cockpit design and layout doi.zip
- Flight Safety Assessment Based on a Modified Human Reliability Quantification Method
- Designing flight deck applications: combining insight from end-users and ergonomists
- Ergonomics Layout Optimization of the Aircraft Cockpit Based on Particle Swarm Optimization
Pilot error generally refers to an accident in which an action or decision made by the pilot was the cause or a contributing factor that led to the accident, but also includes the pilot's failure to make a correct decision or take proper action. The causes of pilot error include psychological and physiological human limitations. Various forms of threat and error management have been implemented into pilot training programs to teach crew members how to deal with impending situations that arise throughout the course of a flight.
Flight Safety Assessment Based on a Modified Human Reliability Quantification Method
Human error is one of the most important risk factors affecting aviation safety. The original Cognitive Reliability and Error Analysis Method CREAM developed for the nuclear industry is reliable for human reliability quantification, but it is not fully applicable to human reliability analysis in aviation because it neglects the characteristics of long-duration flights. Here, we propose a modified CREAM method to predict human error probability in flight and provide some improvement measures for critical operations. A set of performance influencing factors PIFs , such as flight procedures and ground support, is established to reflect operational scenarios in flight. Then, we develop the expected affect index of PIFs and the Scenario Influence Index to construct a quantitative model of human reliability. The probability of human error for each operation in the approach and landing phases is obtained with the modified CREAM method, and the results indicate that the most important cognitive function that influences human reliability is missed action.
Designing flight deck applications: combining insight from end-users and ergonomists
Odgaard, Jacob , and Tim Morton. Human Factors encompass elements which influence our behaviour. In a work environment they embrace many areas, for example; environmental and organisational, the design and functionality of equipment, process and procedures, individual characteristics of personnel, their skills and competencies. It is generally acknowledged many of the world's worst oil field incidents have been attributable to Human Factors including well control events like the Montara and Macondo blow outs and many others. It is notable that some well control incidents initially appear straightforward but are frequently exacerbated by human error, increasing risk and costs, and in the worst cases resulting in blowouts. The oil field has been a little late in realising the importance of Human Factors but there is now recognition they are essential in successfully resolving well control events. The inclusion of Human Factors in managing well control events was also a recommendation of the OGP report in
Technological advancement brings opportunities for enhanced information, support, and functionality within the flight deck. Whilst this has many benefits to the pilot and the overall safety of the aircraft, the practical integration of new technologies needs to be carefully considered throughout the entirety of the design process. The application of Human Factors methods must ensure that new technologies do not expose the system to new failures. This paper compares two methods of generating design recommendations for new technological features; the system human error reduction and prediction approach SHERPA and the Design with Intent DwI method. The assimilation of the recommendations from both methods presents interesting findings that highlight the benefits of integrating end-users within structured Human Factors methods to generate effective and usable technological interfaces.
Ergonomics Layout Optimization of the Aircraft Cockpit Based on Particle Swarm Optimization
The scenario is performing an air-to-surface task to aim at a stationary target. By the application of eye tracker devices, interface designers can precisely evaluate pilots' visual behavior among interfaces of cockpit and SA performance. In addition, extra workload might have a negative impact on pilots' SA performance and increase the probability of operating hazards, and so there is the opportunity to compensate for the negative impact of workload through human-centered design. The current research uses eye-tracking devices to investigate pilots' visual behaviors and interface design and has potential to facilitate system designers' understanding of pilots' attention distribution and situational awareness for improving the integration of cockpit designs and ultimately aviation safety. Published by Elsevier B.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. The interface includes not only the display of information, such as cathode ray tube graphics and auditory warnings, but also data entry and control elements, such as a keyboard or switches.
This paper aims to make a case that with the appropriate use of human factors methods it is possible to design and develop a single crew commercial aircraft using largely existing technology. Much greater consideration of all the issues raised is required, as is a change in regulatory requirements. If implemented, the single crew aircraft could result in a revolution in air transport, offering considerable cost savings, especially on shorter routes with relatively small passenger loads. Harris, D.
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