Macbeth Act 4 Scene 1 Questions And Answers Pdf
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- SHAKESPEARE: MACBETH - ACT 4. Scene 1 Question and activities worksheet ( 5 pages)
- macbeth act 4
- Act 4, Scene 1 Notes from Macbeth
- Act 4, Scene 1 Notes from Macbeth
Understand every line of Macbeth. Macbeth Act 1 contains seven scenes. The desert place, the wild storm, the appearance of the witches, "the wayward rhythm" of their songs, all help to prepare us for a drama in which a human soul succumbs to the supernatural suggestions of evil and ranges itself along with the witches on the devil's side.
SHAKESPEARE: MACBETH - ACT 4. Scene 1 Question and activities worksheet ( 5 pages)
Hecate appears, they sing all together, and Hecate leaves. Macbeth then enters, demanding answers to his pressing questions about the future. The witches complete their magic spell and summon forth a series of apparitions. The first is an armed head that warns Macbeth to beware the Thane of Fife Macduff. This news bolsters Macbeth spirits. This cheers Macbeth even more, since he knows that nothing can move a forest.
Macbeth proceeds to ask his last question: will Banquo's children ever rule Scotland? The cauldron sinks and a strange sound is heard. The witches now show Macbeth a procession of kings, the eighth of whom holds a mirror in his hand, followed by Banquo.
As Banquo points at this line of kings, Macbeth realizes that they are indeed his family line. After the witches dance and disappear, Lennox enters with the news that Macduff has fled to England. Macbeth resolves that he will henceforth act immediately on his ambitions: the first step will be to seize Fife and kill Macduff's wife and children.
At Fife, Ross visits Lady Macduff, who is frightened for her own safety now that her husband has fled. He reassures her by telling her that her husband did only what was right and necessary. After he leaves, Lady Macduff engages her son in a conversation about his missing father. The little boy demonstrates wisdom well beyond his years.
A messenger interrupts them with a warning to flee the house immediately. But before Lady Macduff can escape, murderers attack the house and kill everyone including Lady Macduff and her son. Macduff arrives at the English court and meets with Malcolm. Malcolm, remembering his father's misplaced trust in Macbeth, decides to test Macduff: he confesses that he is a greedy, lustful, and sinful man who makes Macbeth look like an angel in comparison.
Macduff despairs and says that he will leave Scotland forever if this is the case, since there seems to be no man fit to rule it. Upon hearing this, Malcolm is convinced of Macduff's goodness and reveals that he was merely testing him; he has none of these faults to which he has just confessed.
In fact, he claims, the first lie he has ever told was this false confession to Macduff. He then announces that Siward has assembled an army of ten thousand men and is prepared to march on Scotland. A messenger appears and tells the men that the king of England is approaching, attended by a crowd of sick and despairing people who wish the king to cure them.
The king, according to Malcolm, has a gift for healing people simply by laying his hands on them. Ross arrives from Scotland and reports that the country is in a shambles. When pressed further, he relates the story of their death. Macduff is stunned speechless and Malcolm urges him to cure his grief by exacting revenge on Macbeth. Macduff is overcome with guilt and sorrow from the murders that occurred while he was absent. Again Malcolm urges him to put his grief to good use and seek revenge.
All three men leave to prepare for battle. As the act opens, the witches carry on the theme of doubling and equivocation that threads throughout the play. As they throw ingredients into their cauldron, they chant "double, double, toil and trouble"—a reminder that their speech is full of double meanings, paradox, and equivocation IV i The apparitions that the witches summon give equivocal messages to Macbeth, and they appear to know quite consciously that he will only understand one half of their words.
Although Macbeth himself has previously acknowledged that "stones have been known to move and trees to speak" III iv , the apparitions give Macbeth a false sense of security. He takes the apparitions' words at face value, forgetting to examine how their predictions could potentially come true. The theme of doubling is amplified when the witches summon the "show of kings. For Macbeth, it is as if the ghosts of Banquo have returned to haunt him several times over.
In the procession of kings, Macbeth also notes that some carry "twofold balls and treble scepters"—as if even the signs of their power have been doubled.
On a historical note, it is generally thought the eighth king holds up a mirror in order to pander to James I. This last king—the eighth-generation descendant of Banquo—is none other than a figure of James I himself.
He thus carries a mirror to signal as much to the real James I, who sits at the forefront of the audience. In various subtle ways, Shakespeare complimented King James I—a legendary descendant of Banquo and author of a book on witchcraft Daemonologie . James I is not the only character who is doubled in Macbeth. Throughout the play, characters balance and complement each other in a carefully constructed harmony.
As a man who also receives a prophecy but refuses to act actively upon it, Banquo serves as sort of inverse mirror image of Macbeth.
Although he has troubled dreams like Macbeth, his arise from the suppression of ambitions whereas Macbeth's arise from the fulfillment thereof. Other major characters, including Malcolm, Macduff, and Lady Macbeth , can also be seen as foils or doubles for Macbeth. Whereas she first advises Macbeth to forget all remorse and guilt, Lady Macbeth becomes increasingly troubled by her own guilt as Macbeth begins to heed her advice. Another form of doubling or equivocation is found in the theme of costumes, masks, and disguises.
After the murder, Lady Macbeth paints the bodyguards' faces with a mask of blood to implicate them. Thus when Malcolm tests Macduff's loyalty, he begins appropriately by saying that "all things foul would wear the brows of grace" IV iii Even the most foul of men—perhaps like Macbeth and the murderers—are able to disguise themselves.
Finally, during the scene in which the murders occur, Lady Macduff reflects the bird symbolism that began in Act 1. Her metaphor comes to life when she and her son are attacked by Macbeth's men. Macbeth, as earlier established, is identified with the owl; so Lady Macduff, trying to protect her son, becomes the wren in a realization of her own figure of speech.
What two decisions does Duncan make after hearing of the defeat of the enemy? Do you mean the line, So foul and fair a day I have not seen? The physician realizes that Lady Macbeth's behavior is direct result of guilt Macbeth study guide contains a biography of William Shakespeare, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Macbeth essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Macbeth by William Shakespeare. Remember me. Forgot your password? Buy Study Guide. Study Guide for Macbeth Macbeth study guide contains a biography of William Shakespeare, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Essays for Macbeth Macbeth essays are academic essays for citation.
macbeth act 4
Macbeth meets up with the witches, who are busy making potions and casting spells. He tells them he wants to learn more about his future. They tell him three key things: He should keep an eye on Macduff. Macbeth thinks this is all good news—after all, since when can forests march? And Macduff is definitely of woman born, right?
In a dark cavern, a bubbling cauldron hisses and spits, and the three witches suddenly appear onstage. Hecate materializes and compliments the witches on their work. He asks the witches to reveal the truth of their prophecies to him. First, a floating head warns him to beware Macduff; Macbeth says that he has already guessed as much. Next, a crowned child holding a tree tells him that he is safe until Birnam Wood moves to Dunsinane Hill.
Macbeth Questions and Answers. The Question Act 4 Scene. 1 What evidence is there of the degeneration of Macbeth's. Character? You are on.
Act 4, Scene 1 Notes from Macbeth
The three witches stand around a cauldron bubbling in a cavern with thunder in the background. They chant together as they concoct a potion or a brew. Hecate appears with them and tells them that their efforts shall be rewarded before she disappears again. Macbeth comes to the cavern and demands answers to his questions about the future. The witches call upon their potion to answer his thoughts and questions.
Act 4, Scene 1 Notes from Macbeth
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