h1n1 symptoms and treatment pdf

H1n1 Symptoms And Treatment Pdf

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Influenza A H1N1 pdm09 infection and viral load analysis in patients with different clinical presentations. Influenza viral load VL can be a decisive factor in determining the antiviral efficacy in viral clearance. This study aimed to evaluate the rate of infection and the role of influenza VL on the clinical spectrum of illnesses among different patient groups attended at a tertiary hospital in Brazil.

The journal publishes 6 issues per year, mainly about respiratory system diseases in adults and clinical research. This work can range from peer-reviewed original articles to review articles, editorials, and opinion articles.

H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu)

The flu is an illness caused by the influenza virus, which multiplies inside the body, causing symptoms that include fevers and sore throats. Nearly everyone has probably caught the flu at some point, and anyone who catches the flu gains resistance immunity against the virus that caused the illness.

The H1N1 flu strain that emerged in spring of was caused by a completely new virus that had never spread before. Because of that, no one is thought to have any resistance to this virus.

The main symptoms of the new H1N1 flu strain are as follows: They are nearly identical to those of seasonal flus. Symptoms include sudden fever and coughing, a sore throat, and fatigue. A runny nose, stuffed nose, and headaches may also be present. Some people also experience gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea or diarrhea. This is thought to be one of the ways it differs from seasonal flus. Most people experience a mild illness for several days and then recover.

However, some people experience a severe illness, so caution must be taken. In particular, those with chronic illnesses such as diabetes or asthma, as well as pregnant women, children, and the elderly, are at higher risk for severe illness than other people. To know how to stop the spread of the flu, one must first understand how the flu is transmitted between people. However, the influenza virus cannot infect people simply through skin contact.

The infection takes hold when the person touches their mouth or the mucous membrane of their nose or eyes with their hand. Diligently washing hands will therefore reduce the risk of contact transmission. Infection is possible when a person inhales the droplets emitted by anyone nearby who coughs or sneezes without wearing a mask.

Thus, one basic way to avoid the flu is to stay away from crowds of people at times and in places where the flu is going around.

Please diligently wash your hands before preparing food or engaging in other activities. When washing your hands, wash thoroughly for at least 15 seconds using soap, being sure to wash your wrists and between your fingers as well. After washing, dry your hands thoroughly by wiping them on a clean towel. Those wishing to be examined should wear a mask in order not to pass the infection on to others. Those who are pregnant or who have existing medical conditions are thought to be at high risk of serious illness, so these people should seek early detection, and rapid cure.

Pregnant women; infants; the elderly; and those with chronic respiratory illness, heart disease, metabolic disorders such as diabetes, impaired kidney function, and those with immune disorders such as those on full body steroidal medication are believed to have a higher risk of developing a serious illness due to the treatment and management of these conditions.

Those who are normally healthy should be examined at a hospital or clinic if they experience the following symptoms:. It can be very difficult to prevent contagion if you live with someone else who is infected. However, the following steps should be taken in order to prevent infection:. Sick individuals are still contagious to a certain degree even after their fever goes away.

Put simply, you can still infect other people even after your fever lifts. There is no obvious way of knowing when a person is no longer contagious, and it can vary greatly depending on the individual. You should try to wait until at least the second day after your fever lifts before going out. The flu vaccine is believed to be effective in preventing disease symptoms, lessening the effects of the flu, and preventing death in those get infected with the flu virus after vaccination.

However, flu vaccinations don't provide perfect immunity, and it is still possible to contract the flu after getting a flu shot.

It's always important to take care to avoid getting infected. In addition, the protection that flu vaccines provide against severe illness and death can be seen as a great societal advantage.

Still, in rare cases, strong reactions side-effects to vaccines can occur, causing severe post-vaccination health complications. Because of that, we would like all residents of Aichi to understand on an individual basis the benefits and risks of flu vaccines, and to decide for themselves whether to get the shot or not. Republishing any information from the pages of this website without prior written consent is strictly prohibited, including photographs, narrations, animations, or articles.

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H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu): General Information

Many people are wondering what the differences are between seasonal flu and H1N1 flu. H1N1 flu is caused by a new virus that is different from the seasonal flu we usually see each fall and winter. The virus that causes the seasonal flu changes a little bit each year, but the changes are small and people have some resistance to the virus. This year, the flu virus that is spreading is new and different enough so that many people, especially younger people, do not have much resistance. This is the reason why so many people got sick from H1N1 flu in the spring and fall of and we expect to continue seeing many more people, especially children, come down with the flu this winter and spring.

Swine flu can affect both pigs and humans. It is a respiratory disease that results from an influenza A virus. The influenza A variant subtype H1N1 is commonly the cause of swine flu in humans. It has similar genetic features to the H1N1 subtype of influenza virus that causes influenza in pigs. Other main subtypes known to occur and cause influenza in pigs include H1N2 and H3N2. There have been infections in humans with these two variant subtypes as well.

Follow-up after acute respiratory distress syndrome caused by influenza a H1N1 virus infection. Carlos Toufen Jr. I ; Eduardo Leite V. METHODS: Four patients were prospectively followed up with pulmonary function tests and high-resolution computed tomography for six months after admission to an intensive care unit. RESULTS: Pulmonary function test results assessed two months after admission to the intensive care unit showed reduced forced vital capacity in all patients and low diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide in two patients. At six months, pulmonary function test results were available for three patients. Two patients continued to have a restrictive pattern, and none of the patients presented with abnormal diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide.

Influenza A (H1N1)-associated pneumonia

The flu is an illness caused by the influenza virus, which multiplies inside the body, causing symptoms that include fevers and sore throats. Nearly everyone has probably caught the flu at some point, and anyone who catches the flu gains resistance immunity against the virus that caused the illness. The H1N1 flu strain that emerged in spring of was caused by a completely new virus that had never spread before. Because of that, no one is thought to have any resistance to this virus.

Everything you need to know about swine flu

Objective: To describe the characteristics of patients with influenza A H1N1 -associated pneumonia treated at two hospitals in the region of Liguria, Italy, as well as to describe their treatment and outcomes.

H1N1 Flu and Seasonal Flu: Differences and Similarities

Swine influenza is an infection caused by any one of several types of swine influenza viruses. Swine influenza virus SIV or swine-origin influenza virus S-OIV is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is endemic in pigs. Swine influenza virus is common throughout pig populations worldwide. Transmission of the virus from pigs to humans is not common and does not always lead to human flu , often resulting only in the production of antibodies in the blood. If transmission does cause human flu, it is called zoonotic swine flu. People with regular exposure to pigs are at increased risk of swine flu infection. Around the midth century, identification of influenza subtypes became possible, allowing accurate diagnosis of transmission to humans.

Swine flu is an infection caused by a virus. It's named for a virus that pigs can get. People do not normally get swine flu, but human infections can and do happen.

 ТРАНСТЕКСТ перегрелся! - сказал Стратмор. В его голосе слышалось беспокойство.  - Быть может, Хейл был прав, говоря, что система резервного питания подает недостаточное количество фреона. - А как же автоматическое отключение. Стратмор задумался.

wine_flu__04_pdf (Annex 3). Case description Laboratory diagnosis of pandemic (H1N1) virus, especially at the beginning of a new community.

Swine influenza

Бринкерхофф терпеливо ждал, пока она изучала цифры. - Хм-м, - наконец произнесла.  - Вчерашняя статистика безукоризненна: вскрыто двести тридцать семь кодов, средняя стоимость - восемьсот семьдесят четыре доллара.

От раздавшегося взрыва содрогнулся весь комплекс Агентства национальной безопасности. Лиланд Фонтейн, Чед Бринкерхофф и Мидж Милкен в безмолвном ужасе смотрели на открывшуюся их глазам картину. Тридцатью метрами ниже горел купол шифровалки. Поликарбонатная крыша еще была цела, но под ее прозрачной оболочкой бушевало пламя.

Пистолет выпал из его рук и звонко ударился о камень. Халохот пролетел пять полных витков спирали и замер. До Апельсинового сада оставалось всего двенадцать ступенек. ГЛАВА 101 Дэвид Беккер никогда не держал в руках оружия.

Обычно же открытый текст поступал на принтер Стратмора за считанные минуты. Она взглянула на скоростное печатное устройство позади письменного стола шефа.

 Твое сокровище в беде, коммандер, - пробормотал.  - Не веришь моей интуиции. Так я тебе докажу. ГЛАВА 20 Городская больница располагалась в здании бывшей начальной школы и нисколько не была похожа на больницу.

 В моих руках копия ключа Цифровой крепости, - послышался голос с американским акцентом.  - Не желаете купить. Нуматака чуть не расхохотался во весь голос. Он знал, что это трюк. Корпорация Нуматек сделала очень крупную ставку на новый алгоритм Танкадо, и теперь кто-то из конкурентов пытается выведать ее величину.

 Я обязан об этом доложить, - сказал он вслух. В подобной ситуации надо известить только одного человека - старшего администратора систем безопасности АНБ, одышливого, весящего четыреста фунтов компьютерного гуру, придумавшего систему фильтров Сквозь строй. В АНБ он получил кличку Джабба и приобрел репутацию полубога. Он бродил по коридорам шифровалки, тушил бесконечные виртуальные пожары и проклинал слабоумие нерадивых невежд. Чатрукьян знал: как только Джабба узнает, что Стратмор обошел фильтры, разразится скандал.

Странно, подумал он, что сегодня вечером уже второй человек интересуется этим немцем. - Мистер Густафсон? - не удержался от смешка Ролдан.

Агент, сидевший за рулем, повернув голову, бросил через плечо: - Есть какие-нибудь следы нашего человека. Глаза его партнера не отрывались от картинки на большом мониторе, установленном под крышей мини-автобуса. - Никаких. Продолжай движение. ГЛАВА 78 Джабба обливался потом перед спутанными проводами: он все еще лежал на спине, зажав в зубах портативный фонарик.

 - Ну, тогда… надеюсь, хлопот не. - Отлично. Он обедает там сегодня с одной из наших сопровождающих.

Клушар поморщился: - Вот. Если вам угодно использовать это вульгарное слово. - Но… офицер ничего не сказал о… - Разумеется. Я не сказал ему про спутницу.

Скрытые тенью, на него смотрели глаза Грега Хейла, глаза, полные ужаса. Тогда Стратмор понял, что Грег Хейл должен умереть.

Вздох облегчения вырвался из груди Беккера. Он сразу же перешел к делу: - Я могу заплатить вам семьсот пятьдесят тысяч песет. Пять тысяч американских долларов.  - Это составляло половину того, что у него было, и раз в десять больше настоящей стоимости кольца. Росио подняла брови.

Беккер оглянулся. Убийца целился, высунувшись из окна. Беккер вильнул в сторону, и тут же боковое зеркало превратилось в осколки. Он почувствовал, как этот удар передался на руль, и плотнее прижался к мотоциклу.

 - Она улыбнулась и села напротив шефа. Стратмор был крупным кряжистым мужчиной, чье невыразительное лицо скрывало присущие ему решительность, настойчивость и неизменное стремление к совершенству. Серые глаза светились уверенностью, с которой сочеталась профессиональная скрытность, но сегодня в них проглядывали беспокойство и нерешительность. - У вас испуганный вид, - сказала Сьюзан.


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